Common Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus

Common Hornbeam - Carpinus betulus

Common Name: Common Hornbeam
Genus: Carpinus
Species: betulus

Category: Trees
Growth Rate: Average
Features: Has interesting bark, Makes a good hedge, Has colourful autumn foliage

Hardiness: HardyHeight: 25.00 m (2500 cm)
Sun/Shade: Full sun or Partial shadeSpread: 20.00 m (2000 cm)

Foliage Type: DeciduousFlower Colour: Green
Foliage Colour: Bronze, Gold, GreenFlowering Period: March

Soil Type: Normal/Loam or Clay/Heavy
Soil Moisture: Moist, but well drained or Boggy, poorly drained

Vivid green catkins in March followed by clusters of green fruit and toothed mid-green leaves turning orange and gold in autumn. Hornbeam is an excellent native tree for a large garden. Pyramidal in shape, it tolerates wet clay soils and responds well to pruning making it perfect for training as a formal hedge. Has distinctive grey fluted bark

Garden care: To train as a central-leader standard remove all of the lateral branches on the lowest third of the main stem and shorten the laterals by half on the middle third, making angled cuts to an outward-facing bud. On the upper third remove only dead, diseased or damaged growth and crossing stems.