Bergamot

Monarda 'Squaw'

Bergamot - Monarda  'Squaw'

Common Name: Bergamot
Genus: Monarda
Cultivar: 'Squaw'

Category: Perennials
Growth Rate: Average
Features: Has fragrant flowers/foliage, Good for wildlife, Long flowering period

Hardiness: HardyHeight: 1.00 m (100 cm)
Sun/Shade: Full sun or Partial shadeSpread: 0.60 m (60 cm)

Foliage Type: DeciduousFlower Colour: Red
Foliage Colour: GreenFlowering Period: July to September

Soil Type: Normal/Loam
Soil Moisture: Moist, but well drained

A long flowering season, lemony aromatic leaves and distinctive whorls of narrow-petalled tufted flowers set above a ruff of purple bracts all add to the appeal of bergamot. 'Squaw' has bright guardsman-red flowers surrounded by brownish-red bracts from July to September and pointed mid-green leaves. It looks gorgeous planted en masse in the middle of a sunny mixed or herbaceous border where it will be smothered with butterflies and bees during the flowering period. It associates particularly well with ornamental grasses and the flowers make a lovely winter silhouette as they die. It does best in a soil that retains moisture over summer. One of the newer varieties, this is less susceptible to powdery mildew than many other monardas.

  • Garden care: Most monardas can be capricious and do not like soil that is either too damp or too dry. These plants are susceptible to powdery mildew and while this rarely causes long-term damage it can look unsightly towards the end of the summer. You can help reduce this by applying a 5-7cm (2-3in) mulch of well-rotted organic matter around each plant. Resist cutting bergamot back in autumn since the stiff vertical stems look good all winter.

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